COVID-19 Myths vs. Facts

Myths and facts - young people

Myth: COVID-19 is only dangerous for people 65 or older.

Fact: Approximately 12% of all COVID-19 cases are serious enough to require hospitalization. Many people are surprised to learn 20% of those hospitalizations were among patients 20-44 years old. Additionally, of patients aged 20 – 44 who get COVID-19, between 14 and 21% get sick enough to require hospitalization.

Mito: COVID-19 es solamente peligroso para personas mayores de 65 años.

Realidad: El 12% aproximadamente de todos los casos de COVID-19 son lo suficientemente graves como para requerir hospitalización. Muchas personas se sorprenden al saber que el 20% de esas hospitalizaciones estaban pacientes entre los 20 a 44 años de edad. Además, de los pacientes de edades entre los 20 y 44 años que contraen COVID-19, alrededor de un 14% y un 21% se enferman lo suficiente como para requerir hospitalización.

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Myth: I need to stockpile as many groceries and supplies as I can.

Fact: Please only buy what your family needs for a week. It is important to remember that many families may be unable to buy a supply of food and water for weeks in advance. Consumer demand has recently been exceptionally high – especially for grocery, household cleaning, and some healthcare products. Freight flows are not disrupted, but stores need time to restock.

Mito: Necesito almacenar tantos comestibles y suministros como pueda

Realidad: Por favor, compre solo lo que su familia necesita durante una semana. Es importante recordar que muchas familias podrían ser incapaces de comprar un suministro de alimentos y agua para varias semanas con anticipación. La demanda de los consumidores ha sido recientemente excepcionalmente alta -  sobre todo de comestibles, productos de limpieza  del hogar y algunos productos de salud. Los transportes de mercancías no se ven interrumpidos, pero las tiendas necesitan tiempo para reabastecerse.

Myth: I heard that the government is mailing $1,000 checks. How do I sign up?

Fact: The U.S. Government is not mailing checks in response to COVID-19 at this time. Anyone who tells you they can get you the money now is a scammer. It’s important that you only trust information coming from official sources. The Federal Trade Commission recently provided more information about this scam and other common COVID-19 related scams on their website: https://www.consumer.ftc.gov/features/coronavirus-scams-what-ftc-doing.

Mito: Oí que el gobierno está enviando cheques de $1,000. ¿Cómo me registro?

Realidad: El gobierno de EE. UU. no está enviando cheques por correo en respuesta a COVID-19 en este momento. Si alguien le dice que puede conseguirle el dinero ahora es un estafador. Es importante que solo confíe en la información proveniente de fuentes oficiales. La Comisión Federal de Comercio proporcionó más información recientemente sobre esta estafa y otras estafas relacionadas con COVID-19 en su sitio web: https://www.consumidor.ftc.gov/destacado/las-estafas-relacionadas-con-el-coronavirus-que-esta-haciendo-la-ftc

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Myth: You can protect yourself from COVID-19 by swallowing or gargling with bleach, taking acetic acid or steroids, or using essential oils, salt water, ethanol or other substances.

Fact: None of these recommendations protects you from getting COVID-19, and some of these practices may be dangerous. The best ways to protect yourself from this coronavirus (and other viruses) include:

  • Washing your hands frequently and thoroughly, using soap and hot water.
  • Avoiding close contact with people who are sick, sneezing or coughing.
  • In addition, you can avoid spreading your own germs by coughing into the crook of your elbow and staying home when you are sick.

Mito: Puede protegerse del COVID-19 tragando o haciendo gárgaras con cloro, tomando ácido acético o esteroides, o usando aceites esenciales, agua salada, etanol u otras sustancias.

Realidad: Ninguna de estas recomendaciones lo protege contra COVID-19, y algunas de estas prácticas pueden ser peligrosas. Las mejores formas de protegerse de este coronavirus (y otros virus) incluyen:

  • Lavarse las manos con frecuencia y a fondo, usando jabón y agua caliente
  • Evitando el contacto cercano con personas que están enfermas, estornudando o tosiendo.
  • Además, puede evitar propagar sus propios gérmenes al toser en el hueco de su codo y permaneciendo en casa cuando esté enfermo.
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Myth: A face mask will protect you from COVID-19.

Fact: Certain models of professional, tight-fitting respirators (such as the N95) can protect health care workers as they care for infected patients. The medical professionals will be “fit tested” prior to use.

For the general public without respiratory illness, wearing lightweight disposable surgical masks is not recommended. Because they don’t fit tightly, they may allow tiny infected droplets to get into the nose, mouth or eyes. Also, people with the virus on their hands who touch their face under a mask might become infected.

People with a respiratory illness can wear these masks to lessen their chance of infecting others. Bear in mind that stocking up on masks makes fewer available for sick patients and health care workers who need them.

Mito: Una máscara facial lo protegerá de COVID-19.

Realidad: Ciertos modelos de respiradores profesionales ajustados (como el N95) pueden proteger a los trabajadores del sistema de salud mientras atienden a pacientes infectados. Los profesionales médicos se harán "pruebas de ajuste" antes de utilizarlas.
Al público general, sin enfermedades respiratorias, no se le recomienda utilizar mascarillas quirúrgicas desechables ligeras. Debido a que no se ajustan bien, podrían permitir que pequeñas gotas infectadas entren en la nariz, la boca o los ojos. Además, las personas que tienen el virus en sus manos y se tocan la cara por debajo de una mascarilla podrían infectarse.

Las personas con una enfermedad respiratoria pueden usar estas mascarillas para disminuir la posibilidad de infectar a otros. Tenga en cuenta que el almacenar mascarillas, hace que queden menos mascarillas disponibles para pacientes enfermos y trabajadores del sistema de salud que las necesiten.

Myth: I can get coronavirus through food or food packaging.

Fact: The CDC, FDA and USDA are not aware of any reports at this time that suggest COVID-19 can be transmitted by food or food packaging. Current evidence shows the biggest risk is of transmission of COVID-19 is being around individuals who are symptomatic (and to a lesser extent, infected but not showing symptoms.) Food businesses should be following employee health policies and health department recommendations to keep these individuals home. More information: https://foodsafety.ces.ncsu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/Takeout_COVID-19_Social-Media-Image_032020.png

Myth: A vaccine to cure COVID-19 is available.

Fact: There is no vaccine for the new coronavirus right now. Scientists have already begun working on one, but developing a vaccine that is safe and effective in human beings will take many months.

Myth: The new coronavirus was deliberately created or released by people.

Fact: Viruses can change over time. Occasionally, a disease outbreak happens when a virus that is common in an animal such as a pig, bat or bird undergoes changes and passes to humans. This is likely how the new coronavirus came to be.

Myth: The virus will die off once temperatures rises

Fact: It is unknown whether COVID-19, the illness caused by the novel coronavirus, will follow the flu season and disappear during warmer months. Although it can present similar respiratory problems, COVID-19 is different from the virus strains that cause the flu.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the COVID-19 virus can be transmitted in ALL AREAS, including areas with hot and humid weather. Regardless of climate, adopt protective measures if you live in, or travel to an area reporting COVID-19. The best way to protect yourself against COVID-19 is by frequently cleaning your hands. By doing this you eliminate viruses that may be on your hands and avoid infection that could occur by then touching your eyes, mouth, and nose.

Myth: Antibiotics will cure COVID-19.

Fact: No, antibiotics do not work against viruses, only bacteria.

The new coronavirus (2019-nCoV) is a virus and, therefore, antibiotics should not be used as a means of prevention or treatment.

However, if you are hospitalized for the 2019-nCoV, you may receive antibiotics because bacterial co-infection is possible.

Sources: https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public/myth-busters